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STUDI FARMAKOEPIDEMIOLOGI PASIEN HIV/AIDS DI RUMAH SAKIT KABUPATEN BANYUMAS

PHARMACOEPIDEMIOLOGY STUDY OF HIV/AIDS PATIENT IN BANYUMAS PUBLIC HOSPITAL

Journal from JHPTUMP / 2016-11-21 05:31:31
Oleh : Didik Setiawan, Indri Hapsari, Sri Lestari Widyastuti, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto (dics_z@@yahoo.com)
Dibuat : 2012-05-28, dengan file

Keyword : HIV/AIDS, Antiretroviral, Banyumas

Perkembangan penderita Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) dan Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) di Indonesia semakin bertambah secara drastis. Strategi

penanggulangan HIV/AIDS dilaksanakan dengan memadukan upaya pencegahan, perawatan, dukungan dan pengobatan. Salah satu pengobatan yaitu dengan pemberian obat anti retroviral (ARV).

Metode: Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah observasional deskriptif dari 72 pasien HIV/AIDS di klinik Voluntary Counseling and Testing test (VCT) Rumah Sakit Kabupaten banyumas.

Hasil Penelitian: Jumlah pasien HIV 21 pasien dan AIDS 51 pasien, 26 pasien diantaranya telah meninggal. Usia pasien paling banyak berkisar antara 20-29 tahun, jenis kelamin paling banyak adalah laki-laki (53%), faktor resiko terbesar adalah heteroseksual, 67% pasien mempunyai

status menikah. antiretroviral yang paling banyak digunakan adalah kombinasi antara Zidovudine, Lavimudine, dan Nevirapine. Dari 72 pasien hanya 33 pasien yang rutin menjalani terapi antiretroviral. Hanya 7 pasien yang memeriksakan jumlah sel Cluster Differentition 4

(CD4+) setelah menjalani terapi 6 bulan, dan 6 pasien diantaranya mengalami peningkatan jumlah sel CD4+≥ 100 sel/mm3 dan 1 pasien mengalami peningkatan jumlah sel CD4+ < 100 sel/mm3.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

In Indonesia, the number of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is increasing dramatically. There is strategy to overcome

this problem which is combining prevention, treatment, support and medication. One of the medication strategy is using antiretroviral (ARV).

Methods: this research was cross sectional study to all HIV/AIDS patient in Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) from 2006 to 2008 at Banyumas Public Hospital.

Results: the number of HIV and AIDS are 21 and 51 patient, 26 of them was dead. Most patient age are in 20-29 years old, most of them are male, the highest risk factor are heterosexual and sixty seven percent patient are married. The Zidovudine, Lamivudine and Nevirapine combination was the most ARV which is used by the patient. From 72 patient, only 33 patient who was treated with ARV routinely and only 7 patient who was check their Cluster

Differentition 4 (CD4+) cell number after they treated for six month. From those patient, there was only 6 patient who had increase the CD4+ cell number.

Conclusion: the number of patient which is doing the medication routinely is low.

Copyrights : Copyright (c) 2001 by UMP Digital Library. Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is permitted by author in any medium, provided this notice is preserved.

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