Path: TopSupplementary FileLAPORAN HASIL PENELITIANTAHUN 2011

JARINGAN PEMASARAN SEBAGAI MEDIASI PENGELOLAAN USAHA MIKRO PAKAN IKAN AIR TAWAR BERPROTEIN DARI LIMBAH HASIL PERTANIAN DENGAN TEKNOLOGI SUBTITUSI BAHAN

Research Report from JHPTUMP / 2016-11-21 05:31:40
Oleh : Ir. Dumasari, M.Si, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto (Duma-007@yahoo.com)
Dibuat : 2012-08-13, dengan 1 file

Keyword : Key Words: Empowerment model, poor peasant, small productive enterprise, water fish feed protein and technology material substitution.

ABSTRAK


Tujuan pokok penelitian ialah mengkaji dan memperoleh rumusan model pemberdayaan petani miskin melalui pengembangan usaha mikro pakan ikan air tawar berprotein dari limbah hasil pertanian dengan pemanfaatan teknologi subtitusi bahan. Lokasi penelitian ditetapkan secara purposive di pedesaan Kabupaten Banyumas dan Kabupaten Purbalingga, Propinsi Jawa Tengah. Jaringan bisnis pakan ikan air tawar berprotein telah dikelola kelompok petani dengan menggunakan prinsip manajemen strategis sederhana. Petani miskin yang mengikuti kegiatan uji coba model pemberdayaan memiliki tingkat penerimaan yang berbeda terhadap ragam informasi yang disampaikan terutama tentang pengelolaan usaha mikro pakan ikan air tawar berprotein. Hasil uji coba model menunjukkan telah terjadi perubahan perilaku petani miskin. Kawasan perilaku yang dievaluasi secara on going pada kegiatan uji coba model meliputi: ranah pengetahuan (kognitif), ranah sikap mental (afektif) dan ranah ketrampilan (psikomotorik). Petani miskin di pedesaan ternyata memiliki kreativitas dalam menghasilkan produk pakan ikan air tawar berprotein. Petani miskin yang semula dianggap kurang produktif dan minim kreativitas pada akhirnya mampu menghasilkan enam formula pakan yang menurut pengalaman mereka memiliki kadar protein lumayan. Rancang kemasan pakan ikan air berprotenin yang didesain menggunakan penandaan berbahasa Indonesia. Pakan ikan dikemas dalam wadah plastik kedap air dan tertutup rapat. Dalam formulasi model yang telah direvisi terdapat kebutuhan managemen strategis sederhana untuk meningkatkan efisiensi pengelolaan usaha mikro pakan ikan air tawar berprotein di pedesaan. Kemampuan petani dalam menerapkan manajemen strategis sederhana tidak sama. Baru beberapa orang petani yang sudah trampil menggunakannya meski dalam taraf percobaan. Dalam penyusunan formulasi model pemberdayaan pada penelitian tahap kedua, keberlangsungan pembentukan rantai nilai usaha mikro pakan ikut dipertimbangkan secara cermat.



Kata Kunci: Model pemberdayaan, petani miskin, usaha mikro, pakan ikan air tawar, teknologi subtitusi bahan.


ABSTRACT


Empowering peasants are still interested to be central issue in term of sustainability development that is based on local resources and environmental friendliness. This research is aimed to be oriented poor peasants empowering through feed small productive enterprise for fresh water fish. It get from the waste of agricultural production which is function as technology material substitution. The main goal of this research is aimed to formulate poor peasant empowerment. The research location have been purposively selected in four villages.


All villages are located in the Banyumas and Purbalingga Regency. Data can be classified in two kinds, namely primary and secondary data. This research is needed informant, respondent and key informant as data resources. In the next process, data would be processing and analysis with through qualitative and quantitative technique. Base on the researchs result show that business network of freshwater fish feed protein has been managed by peasant group using simple principles of strategic management. Poor peasants who followed the empowerment model of experimental activities have different levels of acceptance of diverse information conveyed mainly feed on micro-management of freshwater fish protein. The trial results show the model have been changes in the behavior of poor peasants. Regions behavior evaluated on going on a model experimental activities include: the realm of knowledge (cognitive), the realm of mental attitudes (affective) and the realm of skills (psychomotor). Poor peasants at rural have turned out the creativity in producing fresh water fish feed protein. Poor peasants who originally considered to be less productive and minimal creativity ultimately capable of producing six according to formula feed that they have the experience tolerable levels of protein .Design packaging water fish contained protein food that is designed to use tagging in Indonesian language. Forage fish are packed in a plastic container and sealed watertight. In the formulation of the revised model are simple strategic management needs to improve the efficiency of micro management of freshwater fish feed protein in the countryside. The ability of peasants to implement a simple strategic management is not the same. Just a few people already skilled peasants who use them even in experimental stage. In the formulation of empowerment model on the second phase of research, the sustainability of the formation of micro enterprise value chain of feed being considered carefully.



Key Words: Empowerment model, poor peasant, small productive enterprise, water fish feed protein and technology material substitution.

Copyrights : Copyright (c) 2012 by UMP Digital Library. Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is permitted by author in any medium, provided this notice is preserved.

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